OpenAI releases GPT-4, a multimodal AI that it claims is state-of-the-art


OpenAI has released a strong recent image- and text-understanding AI model, GPT-4, that the corporate calls “the newest milestone in its effort in scaling up deep learning.”

GPT-4 is out there today to OpenAI’s paying users via ChatGPT Plus (with a usage cap), and developers can enroll on a waitlist to access the API.

Pricing is $0.03 per 1,000 “prompt” tokens (about 750 words) and $0.06 per 1,000 “completion” tokens (again, about 750 words). Tokens represent raw text; for instance, the word “unbelievable” can be split into the tokens “fan,” “tas” and “tic.” Prompt tokens are the parts of words fed into GPT-4 while completion tokens are the content by GPT-4.

GPT-4 has been hiding in plain sight, because it seems. Microsoft confirmed today that Bing Chat, its chatbot tech co-developed with OpenAI, is running on GPT-4.

Other early adopters include Stripe, which is using GPT-4 to scan business web sites and deliver a summary to customer support staff. Duolingo built GPT-4 right into a recent language learning subscription tier. Morgan Stanley is making a GPT-4-powered system that’ll retrieve info from company documents and serve it as much as financial analysts. And Khan Academy is leveraging GPT-4 to construct some type of automated tutor.

GPT-4 can generate text and accept image and text inputs — an improvement over GPT-3.5, its predecessor, which only accepted text — and performs at “human level” on various skilled and academic benchmarks. For instance, GPT-4 passes a simulated bar exam with a rating across the top 10% of test takers; in contrast, GPT-3.5’s rating was around the underside 10%.

OpenAI spent six months “iteratively aligning” GPT-4 using lessons from an internal adversarial testing program in addition to ChatGPT, leading to “best-ever results” on factuality, steerability and refusing to go outside of guardrails, in accordance with the corporate. Like previous GPT models, GPT-4 was trained using publicly available data, including from public webpages, in addition to data that OpenAI licensed.

OpenAI worked with Microsoft to develop a “supercomputer” from the bottom up within the Azure cloud, which was used to coach GPT-4.

“In an off-the-cuff conversation, the excellence between GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 may be subtle,” OpenAI wrote in a blog post announcing GPT-4. “The difference comes out when the complexity of the duty reaches a sufficient threshold — GPT-4 is more reliable, creative and in a position to handle rather more nuanced instructions than GPT-3.5.”

Surely, one in all GPT-4’s more interesting points is its ability to know images in addition to text. GPT-4 can caption — and even interpret — relatively complex images, for instance identifying a Lightning Cable adapter from an image of a plugged-in iPhone.

The image understanding capability isn’t available to all OpenAI customers just yet — OpenAI’s testing it with a single partner, Be My Eyes, to begin with. Powered by GPT-4, Be My Eyes’ recent Virtual Volunteer feature can answer questions on images sent to it. The corporate explains how it really works in a blog post:

“For instance, if a user sends an image of the within their refrigerator, the Virtual Volunteer is not going to only have the ability to appropriately discover what’s in it, but in addition extrapolate and analyze what may be prepared with those ingredients. The tool can even then offer plenty of recipes for those ingredients and send a step-by-step guide on the right way to make them.”

A more meaningful improvement in GPT-4, potentially, is the aforementioned steerability tooling. With GPT-4, OpenAI is introducing a recent API capability, “system” messages, that allow developers to prescribe style and task by describing specific directions. System messages, which will even come to ChatGPT in the longer term, are essentially instructions that set the tone — and establish boundaries — for the AI’s next interactions.

For instance, a system message might read: “You might be a tutor that at all times responds within the Socratic style. You give the coed the reply, but at all times attempt to ask just the precise query to assist them learn to think for themselves. You must at all times tune your query to the interest and knowledge of the coed, breaking down the issue into simpler parts until it’s at just the precise level for them.”

Even with system messages and the opposite upgrades, though, OpenAI acknowledges that GPT-4 is removed from perfect. It still “hallucinates” facts and makes reasoning errors, sometimes with great confidence. In a single example cited by OpenAI, GPT-4 described Elvis Presley because the “son of an actor” — an obvious misstep.

“GPT-4 generally lacks knowledge of events which have occurred after the overwhelming majority of its data cuts off (September 2021), and doesn’t learn from its experience,” OpenAI wrote. “It might sometimes make easy reasoning errors which don’t appear to comport with competence across so many domains, or be overly gullible in accepting obvious false statements from a user. And sometimes it could fail at hard problems the identical way humans do, akin to introducing security vulnerabilities into code it produces.”

OpenAI does note, though, that it made improvements particularly areas; GPT-4 is less prone to refuse requests on the right way to synthesize dangerous chemicals, for one. The corporate says that GPT-4 is 82% less likely overall to reply to requests for “disallowed” content in comparison with GPT-3.5 and responds to sensitive requests — e.g. medical advice and anything pertaining to self-harm — in accordance with OpenAI’s policies 29% more often.

Image Credits: OpenAI

There’s clearly loads to unpack with GPT-4. But OpenAI, for its part, is forging full steam ahead — evidently confident within the enhancements it’s made.

“We stay up for GPT-4 becoming a precious tool in improving people’s lives by powering many applications,” OpenAI wrote. “There’s still lots of work to do, and we stay up for improving this model through the collective efforts of the community constructing on top of, exploring, and contributing to the model.”


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14 days ago

Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.

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